All of the tissues in your body are constantly being affected by factors that trigger the process of oxidation. Oxidation is a chemical process that disrupts the normal balance of electrons within a particular molecule. Oxidation creates Free Radicals, molecules that stimulate inflammation, damage DNA and RNA within your cells and contribute to aging of these tissues. Common environmental factors that create oxidation (and therefore create Free Radicals)and produce oxidative stress to your body include: light (UVA & UVB), Cigarette smoke, Products of combustion, and other environmental pollutants.
Anti-oxidants are compounds that combat Free Radicals and protect our body from oxidative stresses. Anti-oxidants travel through our bodies, scavenging, and eliminating already-created Free Radicals. By doing this, anti-oxidants reduce pathways of cellular damage, repair Free-Radical induced damage and actually stimulate age-reversal changes on a cellular level.
Common antioxidants include:
Vitamin E: available orally & topically. It has a natural photoprotective effect and moisturizing capability.
Vitamin C: available orally. It protects & rejuvenates skin. Smoking depletes its reservoirs.
Alpha-Lipoic Acid: available topically. ALA 1-4% creams many benefit skin aging.
Ubiquinones (Co-enzyme Q10): available orally.
Polyphenols (found in plants)
Catechin (found in green tea)
Procyanidins (found in grape seed extract). It speeds wound healing, helps other vitamins absorb.
Ferulic Acid (found in Whole grains, spinach, parsley, grapes & Rhubarb) It protects skin from UV damage.
Pomegranate: has an anti-oxidant effect against athersclerosis.
Coffee berry: contains many polyphenols that confer UVA adn UVB protection.
Isoflavones: (found in soy) may have potential for protection/prevention from carcinogenesis.
Carotenoids: (Lycopene, Lutein & Beta Carotene) found to be photo-protectants.